Bir Hama, as part of Najran, is a treasure trove of rock inscriptions, surpassed only by finds in the Jubbah area in the Hail region. Here 100 sites have been identified. In the Najran region, there are about 6,400 drawings of people and animals, including drawings of more than 1,800 camels and 1,300 people, that have been registered on this site.
Important for rock art, in addition to drawings of people, giraffes and other animals, inscriptions were recorded from the sixth century AD of the Himyarite king Dhu Nuwas. Excavations have revealed a number of articulated parts of camel's structures
The writings of Bir Hama
The rock drawings in Hama are considered the first human attempts towards writing the alphabet, which people in the south of the Arabian Peninsula reached to invent with the beginning of the first millennium BC. From the old sea road, where the users of this road at that time recorded their memories, drawings, names, and some of their interests in the two Shebaan lines in a large proportion, and the Thamudian line along the road, as it was concentrated around estuaries and caves and in the foothills of the mountains at the Hama wells.
In the wells of Hama, ancient historical wells embraced by mountains and caves from all sides except for the eastern side, in addition to many monuments and historical writings in the surrounding caves and the foothills of the mountains. The wells of Hama, since ancient times, are still filled with fresh drinking water, and they are six wells, including Hamata, Suqia, Al-Janah, and Umm Nakhla. Most of the Quraan is carved in the rocks