Jubbah is one of the most important Provinces in the Ha'il region, covering an area of 12,500 square kilometers in the middle of the Al Nufud Al Kabir desert, about 103 kilometers northwest of the city of a'il, and next to Jubbah is the old caravan road that connects the eastern Mediterranean and the Najd Plateau.
Also, Jubbah is considered one of the important archaeological sites, as there are many ancient inscriptions and excavations, and it was also included in the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 2015. Amazingly, it is one of the strong cities that have been able to combine the contemporary and heritage, it is now one of the modern cities where you can find all the services you need, with a population of up to 20 thousand people, in addition to its fame for its agricultural activities, which is due to the abundance of fresh water suitable for agriculture.
Rock art in Ḥa'il region
The city of Jubbah is one of the most important and largest archaeological cities in all of Saudi Arabia. When you visit the city of Jubbah, you will find it full of many drawings and inscriptions scattered on Umm sinman mountain, as well as the nearby mountains, where these inscriptions date back to three different time eras.
In the old days, Jubbah was the land of an ancient lake, it was also surrounded by the dunes of Al-Nafud al-Kabir desert and topped by sedimentary mountains on the West and South, called um sinman, Ghouta shuweiht, and Unayzah
The Saudi Commission for tourism and national heritage has also requested the registration of the Jubbah site with its rock paintings, as well as the shuwaymis in the Ḥa'il area on the UNESCO World Heritage List for 2015, and approval has been granted for the registration of the rock arts in the Ḥa'il area in Saudi Arabia, specifically the Jubbah area, and so it was registered as one of the most important World Heritage sites.
The Jubbah area is also famous for the presence of the Umm sinman mountains in it, which many tourists seek to visit from inside and outside Saudi Arabia to enjoy the inscriptions, excavations, and sculptures that are found in its mountains.
Umm sinman Mountain is located in the north-west of Ḥa'il, specifically west of the city of Jubbah, in the middle of Al-Nafud desert, where the mountain has an ancient historical and archaeological place in Arabia and the Ḥa'il region. It contains a large number of ancient inscriptions and sculptures that tell about the history of this area in ancient times
Also, a large number of American archaeologists have researched the ruins of Jubbah and found that there is a wheel drawing in Umm Sinman mountain, which proved that Newton's second law (The law of acceleration) was used and known before Newton.
But this theory was proved by the Europeans to Newton, the discoverer of the law, in addition, there is a European and American dispute that is still going on around this rock to study it scientifically in detail to prove that the inhabitants of Jubbah from Saudi Arabia were the first to discover the law of the wheel (Newton's second law).
Also, umm sinman mountain contains a lot of ancient archaeological inscriptions dating back to the Paleolithic era and some to the Thamudic era, and scientists have found some inscriptions engraved in the mountain which belong to desert life, the most famous of which are drawings of (lions -men wearing turbans and crowns - animals - birds - monkeys - goats), where the ancient people of the region called it the guardian of Umm Sinman, and the mountain contains inscriptions containing the oldest drawings of mankind known to history, which is evidence of the antiquity of Umm sinman mountain
The mountain also contains many inscriptions that talk about the stories and lives of humans during the Paleolithic era. The mountain has over 5431 Thamudic inscriptions as well as over 1378 unique drawings of beauty in a variety of sizes and shapes.