Fayd, located southeast of Ha'il, is one of the most important ancient heritage and historical cities. When you arrive, you will be astounded by the magnificence of its mountains, which hold prehistoric archaeological inscriptions.
Furthermore, Fayd is one of the important areas located in the middle of the road that connects Mecca and Baghdad, which is known as Darb Zubaydah, and it was registered as a state belonging to the states of the Abbasid Caliphate in ancient times, and it also contains many treasures of Islamic antiquities.
The city of Fayd is one of the historically and archeologically important cities as well. The distance between Ḥa'il and Fayd is about 92 km, and this is through the highway that connects the city of Ḥa'il to the city of Al-Qassim
Also, the city of Fayd is about 160 km away from the city of Al-Qassim, and some of the most important landmarks that distinguish the city of Fayd are (The water channels - 45 wells - giant Millstones- the palace fountain- the hills area - the dungeons- the residential city - Zubaida pools - Khorash Palace)
Scientists have revealed that the city of Fayd has a history dating back to Islamic times, and it has lately been developed to be one of the most important tourist and historical ancient cities, visited by many people from both inside and outside Saudi Arabia to enjoy its beauty.
When you visit the city of Fayd, you will find that all the ancient Islamic archaeological evidence in it remains to this day to tell us what happened in that era, where you can see a lot of drawings, wall and rock inscriptions, and also a lot of writings that tell us all about the Islamic era at that time
Also, you will find a lot of architectural monuments close to the mountains
It also has several tools and collectibles used by people at the time, such as red pottery skirts, in which you see the finishing prowess and ancient industry, and these relics are surrounded by so-called Mastaba (a rock wall) to protect them from falls and damage.
There are also relics of ceramic and pottery vessels, painted white porcelain, white tin porcelain, glazed pottery and unglazed pottery
The most important thing that distinguishes the city of Fayd and made it famous is, that during the Islamic era, its location on the Zubaydah road, which pilgrims used to take from Iraq to Mecca to perform the Hajj and Umrah rituals.
And It flourished even more in the Abbasid and Umayyad eras, as the city of Fayd was one of the most important stations for the Hajj and Umrah pilgrims from Persia and Iraq, and, the large presence of Islamic antiquities found in it indicates that it was one of the early Islamic countries.
Many academics and historians have written about Fayd in their writings because of its distinguished broad area and the numerous commodities it contains from foods and drinks, since it is one of the most important stations for Hajj and Umrah pilgrims, and is located halfway between Kufa and Mecca.
Ibn Ishaq said about the city of Fayd (and a group of the Tayy tribe came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), among them was Zayd al-Khayl, their master, and when they reached the Messenger of Allaah, they spoke to him, and the messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered Islam to them, so they embraced Islam, and their Islam was good, then the messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Talk with me about who I don't accuse of Tayy men - "No great Arab man was mentioned to me, then came to me, except I saw him without greatness, only Zayd al-Khayl has a greatness that is not even fully to be seen" Then the Messenger of Allah called him "Zeid al-Khair" and gave him Fayd city and two other lands, and wrote that on paper.)
Al-Bakri also mentioned the city of Fayd, saying: (and the first one who dug holes in it in Islam, Abu al-dulaim Mawla Yazid Bin Omar bin Habira so he celebrated the eye which is the foundation, and instill on it )